Aloevera
1292998024aloe-vera.jpg Aloe vera Linn Family - Liliaceae Currently we are cultivating Aloevera in 1000 Acre under contractual farming in whole the nation. Whole the Aloevera is being cultivated under close supervision of our highly trained agriculture technologist. The Aloevera cultivation has changed lifestyle of our growers. We are having rich experience of 14 years in the sector of medicinal and aromatic plants. The organization is fulfilling the demand related to medicinal plants of all the leading Ayurvedic Medicine manufacturing company in INDIA.
 





ALOEVERA

 

BOTANICAL NAME: Aloe barbadensis Miller

 

FAMILY  - Liliaceae 

 

 

INTRODUCTION OF ALOEVERA

 

Ø  Aloe Vera Linn. (Family - Liliaceae) commonly known, as ghikvar is one of the 200 species of Aloe present in the world. It is a native of North Africa but presently found abundantly throughout the world.

 

Ø  Aloe is derived from Arabia word Alloeh or the Hcbren hale, meaning a shining bitter substance and Vera is from Latin word, versus meaning true.

 

Ø  Aloe Vera is a plant of great potential and value in the field of therapeutics, pharmaceuticals and cosmetic industries. It is used in indigenous (Ayurvedic) and Unani systems of medicine and in cosmetics, shampoos and anti dandruff creams, etc. Aloe is particularly useful in the treatment of bums, blood disorders, chronic constipation, skin diseases, and as eye drops for relief in sore eyes and redness as well as bleeding and healing of wounds, etc. It plays an important role in gerontology and rejuvenation.

 

Ø  A number of species have been introduced in India, of which A. barbadensis mill has become naturalized in all parts of the country. Other species also occur as wild/ornamental at some places. Four types of Aloe crops are official in Indian Pharmacopoeia.

         

Ø  Curacao Aloe obtained from A. barbadensis 

Ø  Socotrine obtained from Aiocpenyi

Ø  Zanzibar Aloe; and

Ø  Cap Aloetiom Aloeferox and its hybrids 

          
The colour and odour of each variety is its characteristic and the taste bitter and nauseous. A. Barbadensis refers to the Barbados islands. Ferox is a Latin word, meaning wild or ferocious. African refers to the habit of the plant and spicata refers to the flowers in spikes. Mainly four species Aloe (Aloe barbadenxis Millen. Aloeperryi, Aloe saponaria and Aloe veru Linn) are cultivated in India. But the first species is mostly used for making juice, gel, and powder.

 
        
Aloevera grows wild in some states and its cultivation is also done on limited scale in U.P., M.P. and Rajasthan in India. Recently, farmers in North India have begun taking up Aloe cultivation on large-scale because of high demand of Aloe. In order to ensure regular supply of fleshy leaves to the industries and users at reasonable price, it is essential that Aloe cultivation be taken up on commercial scale. However there is also very good scope for setting up field level pulp extraction and processing units attached to farms.          

ALOEVERA PULP processed into Gel   


        

 The fresh PULP of Aloe Vera leaves (Aloe Vera Pulp) is processed and stabilized into juice, gel and powder and then used in lotions, creams, soaps and other cosmetics such as shampoos. Aloe Vera is highly suitable crop suitable for growing under rainfed arid zones in India. In irrigated conditions the plant yields leaves double or triple times. One kg of Aloe gel is obtained by processing 4kg of mature Aloe Vera leaves.   

       

Vitreous AloeVERA  

         
Heating and concentrating a viscous yellow fluid known as Aloetic juice obtain an amorphous semi transparent mass called Vitreous aloe or livery aloe. This is available in very small quantity i.e. a few drops per leaf is embedded in the pericyclic cells of the vascular bundles of Aloe Vera leaves. The aloe tic juice is allowed to flow away without any pressure or other means. The collected aloe tic juice is heated to get vitreous Aloe. This powder is mainly used to relieve constipation. It is a powerful purgative and improves digestion. It is also used as a dye-fixing agent in textile industry. Before extracting Aloe gel from Aloe Vera leaves, the Aloe tic juice (vitreous aloe) must be separated from the leaves.

 

DIFFERENT NAME OF ALOEVERA 

 

Aloevera is known by different names in different languages. Some of the local names are as follows:    

 

LANGUAGE

NAME

Hindi

Ghikanvcn; Gwarpatha, Ghee Gwar, Karpath 

English

Aloevera

Bengali

Ghrit Kumari 

Gujarati

Kurvar

Malayalam

Kaltavala 

Marathi

Elwa, Korphad, Kunvarpata

Telugu

Kalwand Manjikaliali. Chinna

Tamil

Sirukaniali. Kattazhai, Simkattashai, Chinikutiali  

Kannada

Bal-chir, Jatamasi 

Sanskrit

Ghrit Kumari 

Punjabi

Kumar gandal 

Kannada

Lolesara Kumari, Katthaiigida, Lolisar 

Kashmiri

Musabbar 

Marathi

Elwa, Korphad, Kunvarpata, Korkand 

Urdu

Ghiqwara 

Persian

Derkhtesibra 

 





ORIGIN AND DISTRIBUTION

   
Plants of the genus Aloe belong to the old world and are indigenous to Eastern and Southern Africa, the Canary Islands and Spain. The species spread to the Mediterranean basin and reached the West Indies,India,China and other countries in the 16th Century; and certain species are now cultivated for commercial purposes, especially in some of the West Indian islands of the north coast of South America. It is also cultivated throughout India.   
        

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES AND ITS USES

   
Aloe Vera acts as a: immune system stimulant, laxative, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antifungal, for example. Fresh aloe vera holds over 250 constituents including the full range of all sizes of polysaccharides (complex sugar chains that feed the cells). Aloe vera can be taken both as the aloe Vera juice and aloe vera gel. Aloe vera enhances collagen production that helps strengthen connective tissue; collagen is primary to Ones skin's elasticity and key to the flexibility of all connective tissue, but collagen reduces as we get older. The benefit of aloe vera for our health is it moisturizes Ones skin, aide the digestive system and relief for the wound.

Recently lot of aloe vera products is accessible in market like aloe vera health drinks, cleansers, moisturizers, wound relief creams, etc. Sadly, a good number of products on the market, identified as "Aloe Vera Juice" may hold only a small amount or proportion of the real inner gel. The external healing and pain-relieving properties of fresh aloe vera gel have been well established. Aloe contains a powerful and natural antioxidant and helps protect DNA from free radical damage. Considering aloe vera as a likely option, some people tend to totally discard the area of uses for aloevera.
   

INTERNAL USE   


Consuming aloe vera to relieve constipation can provides good outcomes as aloe vera has a strong action in the colon. To get the most therapeutic support it is wise to utilize a top notch aloe vera product. Applying aloe vera gel to psoriasis and frostbite injuries could benefit the skin to repair. Aloe helps the delivery of nutrients in the blood stream; the more nutrients in our blood stream mean more nutrition to our organs.

 

Additionally called Aloe barbadensis, aloe vera contains a juice that contains barbaloin, a substance that prompts emptying of the bowels. Internal Aloe vera care is popular among people suffering from heartburn, diverticular disorders, ulcers, and other digestive issues. Aloe Vera has natural anti-inflammatory activity by calming the digestive tract and strives for healing. Aloe restores and maintains intestinal health; the shape of Ones colon can impact the health of our entire body. As a food supplement, aloe vera capsules assist blood and lymphatic circulation and facilitate digestion. Aloe is a powerful aide to body's detoxification and cleansing process by helping our body to release unneeded toxins. Aloe Vera aides to maintain a correct ph balance in the body; it alkalizes and assists to combat the negative effects of sugar and coffee consumption. 

 

TOPICAL USE   


Containing more than 200 compounds, Aloe Vera can decrease inflammation, stimulate the production of collagen and ultimately accelerate wound healing. Aloe vera topical had been used to aide in the healing of eczema, minor wounds, burns, psoriasis, for instance. Applying aloe vera gel to psoriasis and frostbite injuries could help the skin to heal. Research has confirmed that Aloe Vera gel penetrates human skin nearly four times faster than water. In general, Aloe Vera topical should be secure from moisture and light and stored in a sealed container. Also, aloe vera is a natural moisturizer and supplies a source of vitamins and minerals. Repairing damaged tissue by regenerating cells is a function at which Aloe Vera has been shown to be most successful. Researchers used aloe vera (combination of sap and gel) to treat seborrhea, vulgaris, alopecia, chronic leg ulcers, acne, and hair loss. Use aloe vera oil in lip balms, creams, lotions, hair oil treatments, body butters, and other skin-care formulations.   

CULTIVATION & HARVEST

        

 

BOTANY    

   
Aloe Vera is a xerophytic, succulent and perennial plant with multiple tuberous roots and many fibrous supporting roots penetrating into the soils. The plants do not have true stem but produce long bloom stalks. The plants generally grow close to the ground in typical rosette shape. The plant has strongly cuticularized leaves having spiny margin with thin walled tubular cells. Each plant gives rise to several plantlets along side. Leaves are somewhat concave on the upper surface and convex beneath and the margin is springy, the spines being slightly bent. The leaves are 20 -60 cm long, erect tapering to a blunt point, crowed in a basal rosette, full juice, glucose-green, narrow-lanceolate to long lanceolate, long acuminate, smooth except for the spiny teeth on the margin, scaly and have a thick smooth cuticle. Leaves are few, sessile, densely crowed in the short stem, wide dilated bases, spreading below, and then ascending. The full grown plant produces a long bloom stalk/inflorescence (about 50-100 cm long) from the center with flowers of different shades varying from orange - red to yellow; cylindrical. The plants bear rosettes of large succulent, subulate leaves, flat or slightly concave on the upper surface and strongly rounded on the lower, sessile with a strong spine at the apex and smaller ones along the margins. Flowering stems are oblique at base, erect, stout, smooth, flowers stalked, numerous, erect in the bud afterwards pendulous, arranged in a rather close, narrow erect raceme terminating the scape, bracts exceeding the pedicels, membranous, triangular, acute, reddish, veined and persistent. The vascular bundles in the leaf are isolated and form a line parallel with epidermis within the mesophyll. Each bundle has an epicycle formed of large thin walled cells filled with yellowish fluid. These cells are slightly elongated. A triploid (2/7-3; r=21) plant of the main type has recently been reported from monolith region of Kanniyakumari.

 

BOTANICAL TRAIT 

        
Aloe Vera is a semi tropical plant. Aloevera's thick, tapered, spiny leaves grow from a short stalk near ground level. It is not a cactus hut a member of the lily family known as Aloe barbadensis.

 

SPECIES  

      
There are overall 250 species of Aloe grown around the world. However, only a few species are grown commercially with Aloe barbadensis Miller and Aloe aboreseens being the most popular.

 




CLIMATIC REQUIREMENT 

 
        
Aloe Vera is a typical xerophytic plant and tolerant to adverse conditions such as drought, hot and dry as well as humid weather. It has a good adaptability and can grow in various climatic conditions. It can grow in warm, humid or dry climate with even 35-40 cm of rainfall per annum. The Aloe Plant grows in warm tropical areas but cannot survive frost or freezing temperatures. Aloe flourishes in a variety of climates ranging from warm temperate to semi arid subtropical regions. In India, the crop can be grown in any season. In general, hot and dry weather is favorable to the crop.   

UNIQUENESS OF ALOEVERA

 

It contains more than two hundred Ionic ingredients including essential amino acids, minerals, vitamins, enzymes and steroids. It contains most of the essential components required by human body. Aloe Vera has vitamins A. Br B, Bfi, Bp. C and E. Aloe has a high enzyme content (about 92 enzymes), which makes it a rare and valuable resource because enzymes help the body absorb basic nutrients while also purifying it.

 

SOIL REQUIREMENT FOR ALOEVERA   


It is important that the soil should have ample drainage facilities as the plants are very sensitive to water logging. Water stagnation even for one day can result in rotting of the whole plant and incidence of the fungal diseases. Aloe Vera can be grown on a variety of soils. It however does well on light well drained-coarse sandy loam to rich loamy soils. It is considered one of the most suitable crops for marginal lands particularly coarse sandy, un-irrigated, sloppy and stony soils. Water logging should be avoided for Aloe crops. The crops perform well on neutral to moderately alkaline soil (pH 6.5 to 8.5). It can withstand sodium to a reasonably higher level (p" 9.5, ESP 35 - 40). The plant can be cultivated in dry climatic conditions and in poor soils without much care. The root system of this plant is shallow and does not penetrate deep into the soil. Since the plant is not water loving, care should be taken to prevent water stagnation.

 

Cultivation Cost: