Amla
1253530406amla_out.jpg AONLA Emblica Officinalis Gaertn. Syn. Phyllanthus Emblica Family - Euphorbiaceae A small to medium sized deciduous tree, 8-18m in height with crooked trunk and spreading branches, leaves simple, sub sessile; flower greenish-yellow; fruit nearly spherical pale yellow with 6 vertical furrows. Currently we are cultivating Amla in 500 Acre under contractual farming in whole the nation. Whole the Amla is being cultivated under close supervision of our highly trained agriculture technologist. The Amla cultivation has changed lifestyle of our growers.
 

 
   

AWLA   
       
Emblica Officinalis Gaertn.
 
Syn. Phyllanthus Emblica
 
Family - Euphorbiaceae 
  
  
   
 A small to medium sized deciduous tree, 8-18m in height with crooked trunk and spreading branches, leaves simple, sub sessile; flower greenish-yellow; fruit nearly spherical pale yellow with 6 vertical furrows.   
        
REGIONAL NAMES   

English - Indian Gooseberry
Bengali - Amlaki
Gujarati - Ambala, Amala
Hindi - Amla, Aonla
Malayalam - Nelhi
Marathi - Avala
Kannada - Amalaka, Nelhi
Tamil - Nelhi
Telugu - Usirikai, Usirika   
        
 DISTRIBUTION   

Wild or planted throughout the deciduous forests of tropical India and on hill slopes up to l800 M.

   
PART USED : Fruit, seed, leaves, root, bark and flowers

   
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES AND USES   

Amla is an antioxidant with the free radical scavenging properties, which may be due to the presence of high levels of super oxide disrnutase. It is effective in the treatment of peptic ulcer, dyspepsia, diabetes etc. The fruits exhibit hypolipidaemic and antiathero-sclerotic effects in rabbits and rats. Further reported are hepatoprotective, antioxidant, antimutagenic, cytoprotective, antitumour & antimicrobial.

Aonla is one of the three ingredients of the famous Ayurvedic preparation, triphala, which given to treat chronic dysentery, biliousness and other disorders. The plant is consider an effective antiseptic for cleaning wounds and it is one of the many plant palliatives for snakebite and scorpion stinging. The leaves of Aonla are use as a mouthwash and as a lotion for sore eyes. An ointment made from the burnt seeds, and the oil obtained is applied to cure skin infections. it is also used as pickles ,candy .   
        
 BENEFITS OF AMLA (EMBLICA OFFICINALIS) 
 
 

   • Richest Natural Source of Vitamin C   
   • Enhances production of Red Blood Cells. Strengthens teeth, hair and nails.   
   • Cleanses and revitalizes the entire system   
   • Regulates Blood Sugar and prevents lipid peroxidation in cell membranes.   
   • Increases immunity in the body. Protects against heart and nervous disorders.  
   • Helps to regulate blood sugar   
   • Supports against environmental and stress-related free radicals  
   • Very Powerful anti-inflammatory herb. Useful in hemorrhoids, gastritis and colitis.   
   • Useful in eye problems especially in inflammations. Improves nearsightedness. Also useful for cataracts. Improves Eyesight.   
   • Increases red blood cell count. Prevents premature greying of hair and makes them strong and free from dandruff.  
   • Amla cleanses the mouth, strengthens the teeth
   
       
    Amla is proving a useful tool in the fight against cancer   
    Chinese researchers have discovered that Amla fruit is a rich source of therapeutic chemicals, including quercetin (which is also found in apples), Gallic and Ellagic acids (found in green tea), and other less well-known ones such as chebulinic acid, chebulagic acid, corilagin, and isostrictiniin (Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2003 Oct; 28(10):940-3). All of these chemicals are powerful antioxidants, which help protect you from harmful free radicals that can increase the risk of a wide range of serious diseases including cancer. This is backed-up by preliminary research findings, which suggest that Amla may play an important role in the fight against cancer.   





        
CULTIVATION AND PROPAGATION :

Soil and Climate

   
Amla can be grown in light as well as heavy soils except purely sandy soil. Calcareous soil with rocky substratum is also good. However, well-drained fertile loamy soil is the best for higher yield. The plants adapt well to dry regions and can also grown in moderately alkaline soils. It is grown extensively under tropical condition. Annual rainfalls of 630-800 mm have given good yield. The young plants up to the age of three years should be protected from hot wind during May-June and from frost during winter. The mature plants can tolerate freezing as well as temperature up to 46°C.
   
NURSERY RAISING AND PLANTING  
 
Amla is generally propagated through seeds, but seed propagated trees bear inferior quality fruits and have a long gestation period. Shield budding is done on one-year-old seedlings with buds collected from superior strains yielding big size fruits. Older trees can be rejuvenated and easily changed into superior variety by top working. Pits are to be dug during May-June at a distance of 4.5m spacing and should be left for 15-20 days exposed to sunlight. Each pit should be filled with surface soil mixed with 15 kg farmyard manure.  
  
WEEDING & HOEING   

   
Weeding & Hoeing is required in nursery

    
MANURE / FERTILIZER   

The young plant should be applied with 15-20 kg of well rotten FYM and the mature tree with 30-40 kg each year during September-October in addition to the 15kg of basal dose. The plants should be irrigated immediately after applying fertilizer.
   

IRRIGATION  
 
Amla hardly require irrigation during monsoon. Young plants require watering during summer at 15 days interval till they have fully established. Watering of mature fruit bearing plant is advised during summer at bi-weekly intervals to increase fruit set and to reduce fruit drop. It responds very well to drip irrigation. After the monsoon during October-December about 25-30 liters of water per day, per mature tree through drips should be given.   
        
HARVESTING/POST HARVESTING OPERATION  
 
Seedlings start bearing fruits in 4-5 years after transplantation. The fruits are light green initially, but when they mature become dull greenish yellow. Best harvesting time for Amla is February when the fruits have maximum ascorbic acid content. In South India, fruits are found throughout the year. The mature fruits are hard and do not fall on gentle touch. To get an attractive price, fruits after harvesting should be separated into different grades depending on the size. One way of harvesting the fruit is by using long bamboo poles attached with hooks.   




        
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS

MAJOR CONSTITUENTS

Phyllemblic acid, Ascorbic acid
   
        

OTHER CONSTITUENTS

LEAVES
   
    Alkaloid Phyllantine, phyllantidine chebulic acid chebulinic acid chebulagic acid, ellagic acid, b-glucogallin, ascorbic acid Leucodelphinidin, kaempherol, fi-sitosterol, Glucose.   
        
    Fruit

Amlaic acid, corilagin, 3-6-di-O-galloyl-glucose ethyl gallate, 1,6-di-O-galloyl-6-D-glucose, 1-di-O-galloyl-ft-D-glucose, putranjivain A, digallic acid, phyllemblic acid, emblicol music (=galactaric) acid, ascorbic acid fruit, Lupeol, kaempherol-3-O-B-DTglucoside, quercetin-3-O-R-D-glucoside, (gibberellin A-l, gibberellin A-3, gibberellin A-4, gibberellin A-7, gibberellin A-9.
   
        
ACTIVE CONSTITUENTS

Antagonistic activity against genotoxic chemicals, anticlastogenicityin vitro, Antimicrobial activity, in vitro, Antioxidant activity in vitro, Anti-inflammatory activity, in vivo and in Vivo, Hepatoprotective activity, prevention of hepatocarcinogenesis, in vitro and in vivo, Hypolipidaemic, in vivo and in vitro Enhancer of natural killer cell (NK) activity, in vitro, Inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (H1V-1) reverse transcriptase, in vitro, Prevention of experimental acute pancreatitis, in vivo Protection against radiation-induced chromosome damage, in vitro.Antagonistic activity against genotoxic chemicals, anticlastogenicityin vitro, Antimicrobial activity, in vitro, Antioxidant activity in vitro, Anti-inflammatory activity, in vivo and in Vivo, Hepatoprotective activity, prevention of hepatocarcinogenesis, in vitro and in vivo, Hypolipidaemic, in vivo and in vitro enhancer of natural killer cell (NK) activity, in vitro, Inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (H1V-1) reverse transcriptase, in vitro, Prevention of experimental acute pancreatitis, in vivo Protection against radiation-induced chromosome damage, in vitro.


YIELD

A matured tree of about 10 years will yield 50-70 kg of fruit. The average weight of the fruits is 60-70 g. One kg contains approximately 15-20 fruits. A well-maintained tree yields for 70 years. The yield increases year by year up to 50 years.
   
        
    HOME REMEDY

Amla with Haridra is the best remedy for prameha.
   
        
    DOSE

Powder - 3-6 g Juice - 5-10ml
   
        
    IMPORTANT FORMULATION

Chyavanaprasha, Dhatri lauha, Dhatryati ghrita


Cultivation Cost:


Varity of Plant

Chakaiya(U.P.) NA-7, Banarsi, Krishana

No. of  Plants

50 Plants

Sowing Time

Whole Year(In Irrigated Land)

July – Aug. ( Un irrigated)

Soil

Any Land Where Water Can Flow Without Hurdle

Total Plantation Time

Till 40 Years

Irrigation System

Normal/ Drip ( More Effective)

Production Product

Fruits ( Green Color)

Cost of Cultivation

15000INR ( One Time Investment with Drip Irrigation System)

Annually Maintance and Labour & Water, Fertilizers, Pesticide Cost

10000 INR (per Year)

Total Production Cycle

1st Year-  Nil

2nd Year- Nill

3rd Year- 300Kg× 8 ═ 2400

4th Year- 400Kg×8 ═3200

5th Year- 500 Kg×8 ═4000

6th Year- 750 Kg×8 ═6000

7th Year- 1000 Kg×8 ═8000

8th To 40 year regular every year 1000 Kg

Market/Buy Back Rates

 

5 .INR  (Minimum Retail Price)

25 INR (Maximum Retail Price)

Total Income

 
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