Ashok/Asoka(Saraca asoca (Roxb.) de Wilde)
1253530616ashok_out.jpg ASHOK Saraca asoca (Roxb.) de Wilde Syn. Saraca indica Family - Euphorbiaceae It is small evergreen tree upto 6 to 9 mtr. found wild along streams or in shade of evergreen forests. Leaves paripinnate, 15-20 cm long, leaflets 6-12, oblong, lanceolate; flowers orange or orange-yellow sweet scented; pods flat, leathery; seeds 4-8 ellipsoid or oblong. REGIONAL NAMES English - Ashoka Hindi - Asok, Asoka Malayalam - Asokam Kannada - Asokada, Kengalimara Tamil - Asogam
 



ASHOK  
 
       

Saraca asoca (Roxb.) de Wilde

Syn. Saraca indica

Family - Euphorbiaceae


 

It is small evergreen tree upto 6 to 9 mtr. found wild along streams or in shade of evergreen forests. Leaves paripinnate, 15-20 cm long, leaflets 6-12, oblong, lanceolate; flowers orange or orange-yellow sweet scented; pods flat, leathery; seeds 4-8 ellipsoid or oblong.

 

   
REGIONAL NAMES

English – Ashoka

Hindi - Asok, Asoka

Malayalam – Asokam

Kannada - Asokada, Kengalimara

Tamil – Asogam

 


   
DISTRIBUTION 

Throughout India upto on altitude of 720 m in the central and eastern Himalayas, Khasi, Garo and Lushai hills. It is also found in the Andaman Islands.
  

 

PART USED : Bark, leaves, flowers and seeds

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES AND USES:

 

The bark is bitter astringent, refrigerant anthelminthic styptic, stomachic, constipating, febrifuge and demulcent. It is useful in dyspepsia, fever, dipsia, burning sensation, visceromegaly, colic ulcers, menorrhagia, metropathy, leucorrhoea and pimples. The flowers are considered to be a uterine tonic. The dried flowers are used in diabetes and haemorrhagic dysentery and seeds are used for treating bone fractures, strangury and vesical calculi. Seeds are also used ins urinary diseases.

 

 

TRADITIONAL USES

Menorrhagia (scant menses), dysmenorrhea (painful menses, menstrual cramps), depression, bleeding hemorrhoids, uterine fibroids, considered a uterine sedative and tonic.

 

     



CULTIVATION AND PROPAGATION :

Propagation by seeds is satisfactory. Seed gives good percentage of germination, no vegetative propagation trials were conducted. Seeds were collected from mature trees and were dibbled in nursery beds 3mxlmxl/3m after soaking them in cold water for 24 hours. Germination commences on 30th day and completes on 50th day.

 

SOIL AND CLIMATE

The plant requires slightly acidic to neutral soils for good growth with medium to deep well drained fertile soils. It grows well in tropical to sub-tropical region under irrigation.

   

 

NURSERY RAISING AND PLANTING

Seeds and stem grafting can propagate the crop. The seedlings are planted in the well-manured field during rainy season.

 


WEEDING AND THINNING   

Weeding and thinning of the plants may be done as and when required usually after 15-30 days for better growth. 

 

 

MANURE/FERTILIZER

Compost/Vermi compost, organic manure is preferred.
   
IRRIGATION   

Normally grown as rainfed crop but for better yield irrigation may be done as per requirement (weekly/fortnightly).

 

 

HARVESTING/POST HARVESTING OPERATION   

Bark is collected from stem after ten years from older trees and then it has to be dried under the sun.

   



 

 

CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS

MAJOR CONSTITUENTS

 

Four anthocyanin pigments isolated from flowers, pelargonidin diglucoside and cyanidine diglucoside, palmitic, stearic, linoleic acids found in the fixed oil of flowers, b and a-sitosterol isolated. H-deoxyprocyanidin B isolated from stem bark; (-) epicatechin and procyanidin B2 also isolated from root bark. Pods contain (+) catechol, (-) epicatechin and leucocyanidin, wood afforded quercitin and from flowers leucocyanidin and gallic acid was isolated.
   
        
ACTIVE CONSTITUENTS

Water-soluble fraction of the methanolic fraction of flower bud shows antibacterial effects. Seed extracts shows agglutination against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The plant has a special use as astringent, in scorpion bite, cardiac stimulant and menorrhagia. Plant shows anti fertility action.
   
       

SUBSITUTES / ADULTERANTS

The drug is widely adulterated with the bark of polyalthia.

 

   
HOME REMEDY

In pradara (meno-metrorrhagia) one should take cold milk boiled with the decoction of asoka bark.

DOSE :-

Decoction - 50-100 ml.

 

 

 IMPORTANT FORMULATION

Ashokarishtom, Ashokagutam

Asoka seed taken with water alleviates suppression of urine and calculus
 
 

 

 


 
 
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