Vai VidangButterfly pea (Embelia ribes Burm. f.)
1253532014image_Out.jpg Embelia ribes Burm. f. Family - Myrsinaceae A large scandent shrub with elliptic lanceolate leaves; flowers small white or greenish-white; fruits are small rounded red to blackish, striated, 3-4 mm berries. Flowering March-April and fruiting June-October. REGIONAL NAMES English - Embelia Hindi - Vayvidamg, Bhabhiramg Malayalam - Vizhal Kannada - Vayuvidanga Tamil - Thulasi Telugu - Vaya vidangama, Vidanga DISTRIBUTION It is found in the hills of eastern India in Assam, Bengal, Orissa, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and through out north India. PART USED : Fruit, roots & leaves.
 



Embelia ribes Burm. f.

Family – Myrsinaceae

 

A large scandent shrub with elliptic lanceolate leaves; flowers small white or greenish-white; fruits are small rounded red to blackish, striated, 3-4 mm berries. Flowering March-April and fruiting June-October.


REGIONAL NAMES    

English – Embelia

Hindi - Vayvidamg, Bhabhiramg

Malayalam – Vizhal

Kannada – Vayuvidanga

Tamil – Thulasi

Telugu - Vaya vidangama, Vidanga


     
DISTRIBUTION

It is found in the hills of eastern India in Assam, Bengal, Orissa, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and through out north India.

     
PART USED : Fruit, roots & leaves.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES AND USES

The roots are acrid, astringent, thermogenic and stomachic and are useful in odontalgea, colic, flatulence and dyspepsia. The leaves are astringent, thermogenic, demulcent and depurative and are useful in pruritis skin diseases & leprosy. The fruits are acrid, astringent, bitter, thermogenic, anthelmintic, depurative, brain tonic, digestive, carminative, stomachic, diuretic, contraceptive, rejuvenating, alterant, stimulant, alexeteric, laxative, anodyne, vulnerary, febrifuge and tonic and are useful in helminthiasis, skin diseases, leprosy, pruritis, nervous debility dyspepsia ringworm infestation etc.

This herb is used for abdominal disorders, constipation, fungus, gas, indigestion, headache, heart disease, hemorrhoids, insanity, lung disease, mouth ulcers, obesity, pneumonia, sore throat, toothache, and worms.
     

CULTIVATION AND PROPAGATION :

SOIL AND CLIMATE

The plant can be grown 'in a variety of soil including light black cotton soil, sandy/rocky, in different agro-climatic conditions in tropical regions up to 800-1500 m. altitude.

NURSERY RAISING AND PLANTING

The seeds are sown in well-prepared nursery beds in May-June. About Five-kilogram seeds are required for preparing 10,000 plants, which are sufficient for one acre of land. The seedlings of six months are transplanted into the heavily manured field keeping a distance of 60 * 60cm. The seedlings can also be planted in pits of 1 x 1 feet size.


WEEDING AND HOEING

Weeding and thinning of plants may be done as and when required usually after 15-30 days for better growth of the plants.


MANURE/FERTILIZER

Compost/Vermi compost, organic manure is preferred.

     
IRRIGATION

The plantation can be irrigated usually at an interval of 15 days.



     
                   
HARVESTING/POST HARVESTING OPERATION

Harvesting is done after two years. Generally, fruiting starts in August-September after 2 years of transplantation and fruit ripes during November to January. The fruits are collected, dried in shade and stored in clean porous Jute-bags. The fruits are collected manually and the plant is allowed to grow further.
     
                   
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS

MAJOR CONSTITUENTS

Embelin
     
                   
OTHER CONSTITUENTS

Vilangin, Quercitol, Tannins, Volatile Oil


ACTIVE CONSTITUENTS

Benzene and ethanol extracts of Embelia ribes significantly increased the glycogen, protein and non-nitrogen contents in the uterus of the normal and ovariectomised rats. They also increased the acid and alkaline phosphatase activity in the uterus of adult intact and ovariectomised rats. Aqueous extract of Embelia ribes and embelin showed antifertility activity and anti-implantation activity in rats. Powdered berries, petroleum ether extract, methanol extract and benzene extract affected cyclicity and prevented pregnancy in treated females. Embelin showed analgesic and antipyretic activity in different experimental models. Embelin showed in vivo and in vitro antispermatogenic effect in male albino rats. Powdered berries adversely affected the quantity and quality of the semen in bonnet monkeys. Embelin was found to enhance the absorptive and digestive functions of rat intestine. Alcoholic extract of fruits showed mild anthelminthic and antibacterial activities against gram - positive and gram-negative organism.

 

 YIELD


The dry fruits of about 25-q/h hectare can be collected.

 SUBSTITUTES/ADULTERANTS

Embelia Robusta is often used as substitute for the drug the fruits are bigger, 3.5 to 5mm in diameter, usually reddish and longitudinally wrinkled. Microscopically, tangentially elongated volatile oil glands are seen in the outer mesocarp.
     

HOME REMEDY

Water boiled with Vidanga and added with the same should be used as drink. If destroys worms and disorders caused there by.


DOSE :-

Powder - 3-5 g (In worms 5-10g) root paste 10-20g

IMPORTANT FORMULATION

Vidangarishta, vidangalautha, vidangadi lauha.

 
 
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