VatsnabhIndian aconite-Poisonous (Aconitum ferox Wall.)
12931739311.jpg Aconitum ferox Wall. Familv - Ranunculaceae A perennial herb with tuberous roots 50-100 era high with an erect stem; leaves semi-circular; flower blue, in loose racemes. Roots are dark-brown externally and on tasting, it produces strong tingling sensation. REGIONAL NAMES English - Nepal aconite Hindi - Bachnag
 




Aconitum ferox Wall.


 
Familv – Ranunculaceae


A perennial herb with tuberous roots 50-100 era high with an erect stem; leaves semi-circular; flower blue, in loose racemes. Roots are dark-brown externally and on tasting, it produces strong tingling sensation.

     
                   
REGIONAL NAMES      

English - Nepal aconite

Hindi – Bachnag

 

 DISTRIBUTION

It is found in the hills of Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu & Kashmir and Sikkim.

     
 MEDICINAL PROPERTIES AND USES

Small doses: anodyne, antidiabetic, antiperiodic, antiphlogistic, antipyretic, diaphoretic, diuretic. Large doses: poison, sedative, narcotic.

PART USED : Root

CULTIVATION AND PROPAGATION :

SOIL AND CLIMATE

Sandy textured loam soil, rich in moisture, humus and inorganic carbon between 2000-3000 m. altitude near snow line usually on slopes is preferred. It requires temperate to sub-alpine area. The land for planting may be sloppy with raised beds and furrows similar to potato cultivation.
     



           
NURSERY RAISING AND PLANTING

Seeds are sown during February-March about 3-4 cm deep in the soil and 10-15 cm apart in the raised nursery beds. Five hundred to eight hundred grams of seeds are sufficient for one hectare. The sprouting/germination of seeds should be protected from frost. About 5-10 cm long seedlings are suitable for transplantation in the field. The pieces of root tubers (root-stocks) with growing buds can also be planted directly in the field during May-June.


     
WEEDING AND HOEING

Weeding of plants may be done as and when required usually after 15-30 days for better growth of the plant.


 MANURE/FERTILIZER

Compost/Vermi-compost or organic manure is preferred.

 IRRIGATION

Irrigation may be done till flowering or till fruit setting is there, usually intermittently as per requirement (weekly/fortnightly).

                   
 HARVESTING/POST HARVESTING OPERATION

The mature root tubers after completion of reproductive (Flowering/ Fruiting) phase is ready for collection with in three years of planting. However, it is observed that maximum active principles are found during July-August at the time of initiation of flowering. During this period plants can be harvested to achieve high quality of active principles. The collected tubers arc cut into small pieces, dried in shade and stored in cool moisture free dry containers.

     
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS

MAJOR CONSTITUENTS

Norditerpcnoid alkaloids


OTHER CONSTITUENTS

From the plants different diterpenoid alkaloids were isolated, Cahsmoaconitine, bikhaconitine, indaconitine, pseudaconitine, bikhaconine, pseudaconine, triacetylbikhaconine and tetraacetylpseudaconine. A new compound 14-O-acetylsensubine (A) was found along with crassicauline-A falconericine.

HOME REMEDY

Vatsanabha combined with lodhra, dendana, vaca sugar, ghee, honey and milk is an excellent remedy for chronic fever.


DOSE :-

Powder - 10-15 mg 



 
 
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