Kokum/Garcinia (Garcinia indica Chois.)
1253537900image_Kokum-Garcinia out.jpg Garcinia indica Linn Family - Clusiaceae Kokum A small to medium sized tree, leaves simple, dark green, elliptic ovate; flower in fascicles; fruit ovoid yellow or red when ripe. REGIONAL NAMES English - Red mango Hindi - Kokam DISTRIBUTION Found in Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, South Gujarat, Assam and West Bengal. PART USED :Ripe Fruit, concrete oil, seed and bark MEDICINAL PROPERTIES AND USES Kokum oil is used to treat dysentery and diarrhoea. It is also useful in phthisis and skin diseases. External application of oil accelerates healing of ulcers & fissures of lips. It is considered as an excellent substitute for animal fat and as a base for ointment. The fruit is refrigerant, demulcent and astringent. A drink of infusion and its local application all over the body is prescribed in urticaria. CULINARY USES Kokum has the same souring qualities as tamarind, especially enhancing coconut-based curries or vegetable dishes like potatoes, okra or lentils. Kokum is especially used with fish curries, three or four skins being enough to season an average dish. It is also included in chutneys and pickles. The skins are not usually chopped but are added whole to the dish. Seasoning should be checked as they are quite salty. Beware of biting on a stone as a few are often left in the skins. COMMON USES OF KOKUM BUTTER Creams, lotions, balms Cosmetic foundations Lipsticks Conditioners CULTIVATION AND PROPAGATION : Soil and Climate It is grown in a variety of soil and in different agro-climatic conditions. NURSERY RAISING AND PLANTING Cultivated by soft wood grafting and planted in the month of July-August. WEEDING AND THINNING Weeding and thinning of the plants may be done as and when required usually after 15-20 days. MANURE/FERTILIZER Farmyard manure (FYM) is used. IRRIGATION It is normally grown as rainfed crop. Hence regular irrigation is not in vogue for grownup orchards. HARVESTING/POST HARVESTING OPERATION Harvesting is done in March-April. Fruits and Bark are removed and dried in shade. CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS Major Constituents Garcinol Other Constituents Two polyisoprenylated phenolic pigments - Garcinol and isogarcinol isolated from the fruit rind. Hydroxy-cytric acid, cyanidine-3-glucoside and cyanidine-3-sambubioside isolated from fruit. YIELD Ripe fruit 8.5 ton per hectare HOME REMEDY Kokum stimulates digestive power DOSE Juice 5-10 ml Top
 
Garcinia indica Linn
 
Family - Clusiaceae

 
 
   

     
           

 
     
           

A small to medium sized tree, leaves simple, dark green, elliptic ovate; flower in fascicles; fruit ovoid yellow or red when ripe.
     
                   
REGIONAL NAMES
     
           
English - Red mango
Hindi - Kokam

     
                   
           

DISTRIBUTION

Found in Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, South Gujarat, Assam and West Bengal.
     
                   
           

PART USED :
Ripe Fruit, concrete oil, seed and bark

 
     
           

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES AND USES

Kokum oil is used to treat dysentery and diarrhoea. It is also useful in phthisis and skin diseases. External application of oil accelerates healing of ulcers & fissures of lips. It is considered as an excellent substitute for animal fat and as a base for ointment. The fruit is refrigerant, demulcent and astringent. A drink of infusion and its local application all over the body is prescribed in urticaria.
     
                   
           

CULINARY USES

     
           

Kokum has the same souring qualities as tamarind, especially enhancing coconut-based curries or vegetable dishes like potatoes, okra or lentils. Kokum is especially used with fish curries, three or four skins being enough to season an average dish. It is also included in chutneys and pickles. The skins are not usually chopped but are added whole to the dish. Seasoning should be checked as they are quite salty. Beware of biting on a stone as a few are often left in the skins.
     
                   
COMMON USES OF KOKUM BUTTER      
       •     Creams, lotions, balms      
       •     Cosmetic foundations      
       •     Lipsticks      
       •     Conditioners      
                   
           

CULTIVATION AND PROPAGATION :

Soil and Climate


It is grown in a variety of soil and in different agro-climatic conditions.

 
     
           

NURSERY RAISING AND PLANTING


Cultivated by soft wood grafting and planted in the month of July-August.

     
                   
           

WEEDING AND THINNING

Weeding and thinning of the plants may be done as and when required usually after 15-20 days.
     
                   
           

MANURE/FERTILIZER

Farmyard manure (FYM) is used.
     
                   
           

IRRIGATION

It is normally grown as rainfed crop. Hence regular irrigation is not in vogue for grownup orchards.
     
                   
           

HARVESTING/POST HARVESTING OPERATION

Harvesting is done in March-April. Fruits and Bark are removed and dried in shade.
     
                   
           

CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS

Major Constituents

Garcinol
     
                   
           

Other Constituents


Two polyisoprenylated phenolic pigments - Garcinol and isogarcinol isolated from the fruit rind. Hydroxy-cytric acid, cyanidine-3-glucoside and cyanidine-3-sambubioside isolated from fruit.
     
                   
           

YIELD


     
Ripe fruit 8.5 ton per hectare      
                   
           

HOME REMEDY

Kokum stimulates digestive power
     
                   
           

DOSE

Juice 5-10 ml
     
           

    
 
 
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