Musali SafaidWhite musale (Chlorophytum borivillianum Sant.)
1293259580safed-musli-785637.jpg Chlorophytum borivilianum Santapau Family - Liliaceae
 






Chlorophytum borivilianum Santapau

 
Family - Liliaceae
     
           

 
     
           

It is herb with linear leaves appearing over ground with the advent of summer rains. Flowers white. It is propagated through rootstocks
     
                   
REGIONAL NAMES      
           
English - White Musale
Bengali - Taalmooli
Gujarati - Dhouli Musli
Malayalam - Milyatali
Marathi - Pandhri Musli
Kannada - Belwadi
Tamil - Tanirvitang
     
                   
           

DISTRIBUTION

Foot Hills of Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh & Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra.
     
                   
           

PART USED : Tuberous Root
     
           

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES AND USES


It is merging as a natural aphrodisiac and also utilized in various neutraceutical and phytopharmaceutical. It is prescribed in debility, gonorrhoea and also considered useful in diarrhoea and asthma.

Safed Musli is a rich source of -Alkaloids, Proteins, Carbohydrates, Steroid, Saponins, Vitamins, and Polysaccarods
     
•     Aphrodisiac agent and vitalizer      
•     As a general sex tonic
     
•     Remedy for Diabetes
     
•     As a cure for Arthritis      
•     As a curative for Natal and Post-Natal problems      
•  For Rheumetism and Joint Pains



     
                   
           

CULTIVATION AND PROPAGATION :

SOIL AND CLIMATE


Safed Musli requires well drained loamy to sandy loam soils rich in organic matter. Warm and humid climatic condition with good amount of soil moisture during the growing season favour luxuriant vegetative growth and facilitate fleshy root development.

 
     
           

NURSERY RAISING AND PLANTING


It could be propagated through seeds as well as by vegetative means (root-stock bearing buds or growing points).

Vegetative propagation: The initiation of sprouts of fleshy roots starts by the mid of May but sometimes it could be as early as the last week of April in stored material. In the forest, seedlings emerge from the ground within 4-6 days after the rains. However, for the purpose of raising plants in the field either the sprouted seedlings should be collected from the forest between 10 to 30 days after the rains and transplanted in the field or fleshy root bunches should be taken out from the ground or storage place by mid of May. By seeds: The seeds are black in color and with angular edges. It takes 12-16 days to sprout. The seeds should be sown in prepared seedbed, which is heavily manured by FYM, or leaf litter in the first or second week of June and adequate moisture should be continuously maintained during absence of rain in the early monsoon. The seedlings can be transplanted in the field during the next rainy season only at 30 x 15 cm spacing because the development of plants as well as roots by means of seeds in the first year is not vigorous enough as compared to the vegetative propagated plants. Even a small, 1 cm long and slightly shrinking fleshy roots or rootstocks have a capacity to reproduce into new plants. These fleshy roots sprout from second week of May to second week of June. The sprouted fleshy propagules should be planted in the field in first or second week of June, followed by irrigation. The practice of planting on top of the ridges of 15-20 cm height at a row distance of 30 * 15 cm is found adequate for obtaining commercial yield. It is estimated that 250-300 kg of rootstocks will be required for planting one-hectare land. Safed Musli could be easily intercropped in between maize rows.
     
                   
           

WEEDING AND HOEING

One to two weeding-cum-hoeings are needed to keep the soil porous and free of weedy growth.

     
                   
           

MANURE/FERTILIZER

The use of 10-15 ton of farmyard manure (FYM) Hectare provides good nutrient status to the substratum for supporting healthy plant growth.

     
                   
           

IRRIGATION

The crop may be sown after the rainfall. If there is no rain after sowing of fleshy root propagules and it is transplanting than one irrigation should be provided immediately. Later, when soil moisture has receded in the fields, irrigation may be done after 10 to 15 days interval.
     
                   
           

HARVESTING/POST HARVESTING OPERATION


The crop matures in about 90 days after cultivation. At maturity the leaves start yellowing and ultimately dry up from the collar part and fall down. The crop could thus be harvested when leaves have dried which occurs in the month of September & October. During digging of plants, fleshy root bunches should be lifted from the soil. The harvested fleshy roots are removed and cleaned and White Musli tubers are dried and spread in the shade for about 4-7 days.
     
    


               
           

CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS

Major Constituents

Glycosides, saponins, sapogenins, steroids, asparagin, vitamins & carbohydrates
     
                   
           

OTHER CONSTITUENTS

Sesamine, a ligan, dihydrostigmasterol, two low melting unstable compound n-hexadecane, heptadecane, n-octadecane, n-nonadecane, n-cicosane, n-hencosane, a-thujene, terpenoline, zingiberene, p-cymene, and two monocyclic sesquiterpenes. The seed contains silvatin, diudesmin.
     
                   
           

YIELD

About one ton of fleshy root per hectare is collected. This, after processing and drying is reduced to 200 kg.
     

Cultivation Information

Varity of Plant

 

No. of  Plants

5 Quintals

Sowing Time

June

Soil

Any Land Where Water Can Flow Without Hurdle

Total Plantation Time

8 Months

Irrigation System

Drip ( More Effective)

Production Product

Roots

Cost of Cultivation

150000 INR ( One Time Investment with Drip Irrigation System)

Annually Maintance and Labour & Water, Fertilizers, Pesticide Cost

25000 INR (per Year)

Total Production

400 Kg

Market/Buy Back Rates

 

 600 INR Per K.g

Total Income

240000 INR

Buyers

Pharma Companies

Activities & Achievements

Ø More than 50 Farmers are working with us and Total Land area is almost 750 Acre