DARUHALDI
1253623683Daruhaldi_out.jpg Berberis aristata DC. Family - Berberidaceae
 

 DARUHALDI    
        
Berberis aristata DC. 
 
Family - Berberidaceae 
  
  
   
        
An erect spinous shrub, about 2-6 m high, often forming gregarious patches, pale yellowish brown bark, closely and rather deeply furrowed. Flowers golden yellow.
   
        
REGIONAL NAMES   
English - Indian Barberry,Tree turmeric
Bengali - Darhaldil
Hindi - Chitra, Dar-hald, Rasaut, kashmal
Malayalam - Maramanjal
Marathi - Daruhald
Kannada - Doddamaradarisina
Tamil - Maramanjal, Mullukala
   
        
DISTRIBUTION :

Occurs in the Himalayas between 2000-3000 m height.
   
PART USED : Root bark, Stemwood and Fruit
   
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES AND USES :   
Its properties are similar to turmeric and are used in diseases of the eye, ear and face. It is also used in enlargement of liver and spleen, jaundice, periodic neuralgia, dysentery and colitis. Tincture made from the root bark is used as a bitter tonic, stomachic, cholagogue, anti-periodic, antipyretic and also in debility.

It has an essential active ingredient, Berberine, which possesses anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. It is used in the treatment of leucorrhoea.
   
        
CULTIVATION AND PROPAGATION :

SOIL AND CLIMATE
   
   
It can be cultivated in any type of soil. Grows well in temperate climate   
        
NURSERY RAISING AND PLANTING

Propagation is from seeds, self-sown in nature. Seedlings or cuttings can be taken during spring, after the berries are over. Seedlings are transplanted in the field at distance of 100cm X 100 cm.

   
   
WEEDING AND THINNING   
   
Weeding and thinning of the plants may be done as and when required usually after 15-30 days for better growth.    
MANURE/FERTILIZER   
Compost/Vermi compost, organic manure is preferred.
   
HARVESTING/POST HARVESTING OPERATION    
The root bark is removed from mature plant after two years of transplantation & cut into small pieces and dried in shade.


   
        
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS

MAJOR CONSTITUENTS

Berberine
   
        
OTHER CONSTITUENTS

A benzene extract of the root of B. aristata yielded hentriacontane, triacontane, cetyl alcohol, (3-sitosterol y-sitosterol, dihydrokaempferol, quercitin and oleic, stearic, palmitic and linoleic acids. In alcoholic extract 5 alkaloidal components were separated and named as Chitrian A, B and C. Dihydropalmatine N-oxide was isolated from roots. A new Aporphine alkaloid was isolated from ethanolic extract along with oxycanthin, Berberine and palmatine.


   
        
ACTIVE CONSTIUENTS

The nerve tonic activity of Bacopa monnieri has been attributed to two saponins named Bacosides A and B and again they are responsible for its facilitatory effect on various components of memory and especially on avoidance responses in rats. Preliminary studies indicated that the haemolytic activity of bacoside B is twice that of bacoside A. In other studies, a glycoside named hersaponin is found to have CNS depressant activity and has sedative effect on frogs and dogs.
   
        
ANALYTICAL PROFILE

Spermatogenic activity of the crude alkaloidal fraction and CNS activity by ethanolic extract residue were observed and studied.
   
        
SUBSTITUTES/ADULTERANTS

Curcuma longa (Haridra) is sometimes used as substitute. Berberis lycium Royle and Berberis Asiatica Roxb Ex DC are also used in medicine as Daruharidra. In south India and Srilanka Coscinium fenestratum Colebs is known and used as Daruhaldi.
   
        
HOME REMEDY

Decoction of daruharidra mixed with honey should be taken followed by intake of rice water in case of leucorrhoea

   
        
DOSE :-

5-10 ml of the drug in kvatha form
   
        
IMPORTANT FORMULATION

Asvagandhadyarishta, Bhringaraja Taila, Khadiradi Gutika, Khadirarishta, Jatyadi taila, Triphala ghrita

 
 

 
 
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