Jatamansi/Musk root (Nardostachys jatamansi DC.)
1285408392Jm.jpg Nardostachys jatamansi DC. Syn. Nardostachys grandiflora Family - Valerianaceae
 

JATAMANSI

 

 Botanical Name :-   Nardostachys jatamansi DC.  

 

 

Family - Valerianaceae 

 

 

Introduction of JATAMANSI

 

An erect perennial herb, 10-60 cm in height, with woody stout, rootstock covered with reddish brown fibres of the petioles of radical leaves. Leaves radical, longitudinally nerved; flower pale-pink or blue.

 

LANGUAGE

NAME

Hindi

Bal-chir, Jatamasi 

English

Musk Root

Bengali

Jatamansi

Gujarati

Kalichhad, Jatamasi 

Malayalam

Bal-chir, Jatamasi 

Marathi

Bal-chir, Jatamasi 

Telugu

Jatamamshi

Tamil

Jatamanshi 

Kannada

Bal-chir, Jatamasi 

   

 

 

DISTRIBUTION OF JATAMANSI: 

 

Found in alpine Himalayas from 3,300-5000m heights, hills of Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu & Kashmir and Sikkim.

PART USED :

 

Rhizome.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES AND USES OF JATAMANSI : 

The rhizome is bitter, astringent, sweet, acrid, cooling, emollient, aromatic, antiseptic, anodyne, digestive, carminative, laxative stomachic, liver stimulant, diuretic, emmenagogue, deodorant, vermifuge, expectorant, nervine tonic, improves IQ, somniferous, aphrodisiac, sudorific, trichogenous, anti-pyretic and tonic. It is useful in burning sensation, cough, asthma, bronchitis, pectoralgia, cephalalgia, inflammations dyspepsia, colic, flatulence, hepatopathy, nephropathy, strangury, amnorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, hypertension, gray hair, falling of hair etc.

Jatamansone semicarbazone, a sesquiterpene ketone, was found to possess antioestrogenic activity. When given alone it is also manifested by its oestrogen-antagonising action on the uterus of mice at an oral dose of 50 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg. The volatile oil was found to be loss active than quinidine in several tests. Also it did not counteract digitalis induced ventricular arrhythmias. This drug has been experimentally shown to possess a tranquilizing and hypotensive activity in dogs and also induced hypotension in rats. The rhizome is used in ayurveda for the treatment of hysteria and other neurological disorders. It is very interesting to note that in conditions of insomnia and restlessness this drug was used by Sushruta to produce tranquility and sedation. It promotes the growth and blackness of hair. Infusion prepared from the fresh roots is employed in the treatment of spasmodic hysterical states, palpitations and tension headache. It is also said to be useful in menopausal disturbances. Clinical trials were carried out with Jatamansone in essential hypertension. Jatamansone has been used in febrile delirium and also in delirium tremens. In dysmenorrhoea, it is used for pain relief and a smooth menstrual flow. LD (50) of Jatamansone was found to be 80.3 mg/kg while in the case of quinidine it is 55 mg/kg. This shows that intravenous toxicity in mice in the case of Jatamansone is less than that with quinidine. Large doses of Jatamansone can cause vomiting and diarrhoea.

 

CULTIVATION AND PROPAGATION :

 

SOIL AND CLIMATE

 

Sandy loam and acidic soil rich in organic carbon and nitrogen is found best for germination as well as for better survival of seedlings and productivity. Moist and partial shades are found suitable for cultivation. Further moist rough wall provide suitable microhabitat for better growth. At lower altitude (1800-2200m) plain beds with slight tilt (5°-10°) are found suitable for cultivation unlike horizontal and vertical beds at alpine site.

NURSERY RAISING AND PLANTING                                      

 

Seeds are sown during November-December in polyhouse at lower altitude, during March-April in open beds at medium altitude and during May in alpine area. Seedlings are transplanted after six to eight weeks in the field. At lower altitude root growth as well as number and length of leaves increases rapidly as compared to higher elevation. Fibrous root formation takes place after third year of growth, when plants are raised by seedling. About 44,000 plants are planted in one acre of land. Vegetative propagation through splitting of roots is found most successful in Nardostachys jatamansi and observed better for multiplication as well as for higher production within a short period than cultivation through seedlings.

 

MANURE/FERTILIZER :

 

For cultivation, better survival and yield of Jatamansi at lower altitude (1800m) 60-70q. manure is required for one acre of land. However, the results are found best in litter treatment instead of live stock manure. The sites rich in organic carbon needed 46-60q, manure per acre for higher yield

IRRIGATION

 

Beds need excessive watering/irrigation to decrease the mortality rate. Water requirement will change with respect to season like no irrigation is needed during monsoon. Water requirement also depends on the location of sites and texture of soil. During dry season i.e. May-June and September-October watering must be done at every two days interval at lower altitude. Weeding also depends on the condition of the soil and presence of weeds. Generally weeding must be done at weekly interval in the first year of growth and during the second and third year twice in a month.

HARVESTING/POST HARVESTING OPERATION  

 

Plants should be harvested just before senescence after maturation to obtain the higher quantity of active principles. To obtain higher amount of bioactive ingredients, it must be collected during the month of September at lower altitude, while in the month of October at higher altitude. The harvesting period for this species is 3-4 years; the harvested roots are washed and dried in shade.

 CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS

 

MAJOR CONSTITUENTS

 

Jatamansin Nardostachnone

OTHER CONSTITUENTS

 

New sesquiterpene lactone-Jatamansone, beta-maaliene and calrene from the oil, Anew Terpene Coumarin Jatamansin and Ororselol from roots, cc-pinene, beta-pinene, 3-carene, beta-eudesmol, elehnol, a C-30 hydrocarbon, beta-sitisterol, Jatamansin, Angelicin and Jatamansinol from roots, Nardol from roots, A new diethenoid bicyclic ketone-nardostachone from roots. Structure of jatamansic acid, Seychellene and Seychelane isolated, Seychellane found to be mixture of two epimers. Norseychelanone, Patchouli Alcohol and a- beta-patchoulenes isolated from roots. Actinidine an alkaloid isolated from rhizomes. Nardostachnol, 9-dehydroaristolene l (10)-dehydroaristolene, 2 beta-maaliene and 1,2,9.10-tetrahydroaristolene identified in essential oil. 9-aristilene-l-a-ol, l (10)-aristolen-2-one, beta -sitosterol and three unidentified compounds were isolated from roots, Jatamansanonne a ketonic principle isolated from rhizomes.

ACTIVE CONSTITUENTS

 

Jatamansone, the sesquiterpene shown exert tranquillizing activity in mice and monkeys, hypothermic activity in mice and antiemetic effects in dogs. Volatile oil of N. jatamansi was found to be active as antiarrhythmic agent in dogs. The essential oil of N.Jatamansi showed anthelmintic and antifungal activity. Jatamanssanone possess neuropharmacological profile in the hyperkinetic states. Jatamansone was tested in hypertension. Valeranone shows different biological activities along with hypertension and anti-ulcerogenic effects.

 

SUBSTITUTES/ADULTERANTS

 

The roots of Selinum Vaginatum C.B.Clarke and Cymbopogon schoenanthus spring are used at times, for adulterating. However the yield of volatile oil, its physicochemical constants and a G.C profile can serve as standards for identification of the drug and determination of its constituents there by checking the purity and strength of the drug.

 

HOME REMEDY

 

Jatamansi is used for fumigation for warding off microorganisms

 

DOSE:-

 

Powder - 1-3 g

 

IMPORTANT FORMULATION

 

Mahapaisachika ghrita, Balataila, Gandha taila, Jatamansyaska

 

PRODUCTION

Normally 12-13 Qunatal Rhizoms can be obtained from the 1 acre crop. Even India is second largest producer of the Kesar in the world but the productivity is very poor as comparison to Iran and Spain.

KNOWLEDGE AND TECHNOLOGY

Hehneman Charitable Mission Society, Jaipur is giving consultancy at nominal charges to the farmers with buy back agreement from reputed traders.

PLANTING MATERIAL:-

A good quality of the planting material is provided by Sunrise AGRILAND DEVELOPMENT and REsearch Pvt LIMITED, jaipur at affordable rates. Please contact to M/S-Sunrise Agriland Development and Research (Pvt.) Limited, 301, Mahaveer Nagar-II, Maharni Farm, Durgapura Jaipur. Contact No- +91-0141-5139005 all the material is propagated and raised under close supervision of the agriculturist. 

BUY BACK

The company provide buy back guarantee to the grower. The grower is free to from the tension of marketing. Please contact to M/S-Sunrise Agriland Development and Research (Pvt.) Limited, 301, Mahaveer Nagar-II, Maharni Farm, Durgapura Jaipur. Contact No- +91-0141-5139005 the buyback is done at pre-decided rate. The buy back is given on Rs 100 Stamp Paper.

Financial of the Crop

Cost of Cultivation          ( 1 Acre)

 

SUNRISE AGRILAND DEVELOPMENT AND RESEARCH (P) Ltd.

 

The company is working since 1996 in area of agriculture commodity trading specially medicinal and aromatic plants. The company is operating from its corporate office located in Jaipur.  Slowly and slowly the company established an excellent network of the Export and Import. Organization is working as a platform to sell the produce for the grower. The growers are geting premium rate form Sunrise. Company is exporting near about 500 MT Jatropha crude oil per month. The company is largest supplier of the dry stevia leaves, stevioside powder, Jatropha seeds, Aloevera leaves. The company is having high tech nurseries, from where company is supplying good quality of the planting material. Address of the company M/S-Sunrise Agriland Development and Research (Pvt.) Limited, 301, Mahaveer Nagar-II, Maharni Farm, Durgapura Jaipur. Contact No- +91-0141-5139005
 

 
 
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