Aloevera
1285568353aloevera.jpg Aloevera, Ganwarpatha,
 
ALOEVERA

 
BOTANICAL NAME:      Aloe barbadensis Miller
 
FAMILY :  Liliaceae 
 
 
INTRODUCTION OF ALOEVERA


 

 
  •  Aloevera Linn. (Family - Liliaceae) commonly known, as ghikvar is one of the 200 species of Aloe present in the world. It is a native of North Africa but presently found abundantly throughout the world.
 
  •  Aloe is derived from Arabia word Alloeh or the Hcbren hale, meaning a shining bitter substance and Vera is from Latin word, versus meaning true.
 
  •  Aloe Vera is a plant of great potential and value in the field of therapeutics, pharmaceuticals and cosmetic industries. It is used in indigenous (Ayurvedic) and Unani systems of medicine and in cosmetics, shampoos and anti dandruff creams, etc. Aloe is particularly useful in the treatment of bums, blood disorders, chronic constipation, skin diseases, and as eye drops for relief in sore eyes and redness as well as bleeding and healing of wounds, etc. It plays an important role in gerontology and rejuvenation.
 
  • A number of species have been introduced in India, of which A. barbadensis mill has become naturalized in all parts of the country. Other species also occur as wild/ornamental at some places. Four types of Aloe crops are official in Indian Pharmacopoeia.
         
  • Curacao Aloe obtained from A. barbadensis 
 
  • Socotrine obtained from Aiocpenyi
 
  • Zanzibar Aloe; and
 
  •  Cap Aloetiom Aloeferox and its hybrids 
          
The colour and odour of each variety is its characteristic and the taste bitter and nauseous. A. Barbadensis refers to the Barbados islands. Ferox is a Latin word, meaning wild or ferocious. African refers to the habit of the plant and spicata refers to the flowers in spikes. Mainly four species Aloe (Aloe barbadenxis Millen. Aloeperryi, Aloe saponaria and Aloe veru Linn) are cultivated in India. But the first species is mostly used for making juice, gel, and powder.
 
        
Aloevera grows wild in some states and its cultivation is also done on limited scale in U.P., M.P. and Rajasthan in India. Recently, farmers in North India have begun taking up Aloe cultivation on large-scale because of high demand of Aloe. In order to ensure regular supply of fleshy leaves to the industries and users at reasonable price, it is essential that Aloe cultivation be taken up on commercial scale. However there is also very good scope for setting up field level pulp extraction and processing units attached to farms.        
AloeVERA  Pulp processed into Gel   

        
 The fresh PULP of Aloe Vera leaves (Aloe Vera Pulp) is processed and stabilized into juice, gel and powder and then used in lotions, creams, soaps and other cosmetics such as shampoos. Aloe Vera is highly suitable crop suitable for growing under rainfed arid zones in India. In irrigated conditions the plant yields leaves double or triple times. One kg of Aloe gel is obtained by processing 4kg of mature Aloe Vera leaves.   
 
DIFFERENT NAME OF ALOEVERA 
 
Aloevera is known by different names in different languages. Some of the local names are as follows:    
 
LANGUAGE
NAME
Hindi
Ghikanvcn; Gwarpatha, Ghee Gwar, Karpath 
English
Aloevera
Bengali
Ghrit Kumari 
Gujarati
Kurvar
Malayalam
Kaltavala 
Marathi
Elwa, Korphad, Kunvarpata
Telugu
Kalwand Manjikaliali. Chinna
Tamil
Sirukaniali. Kattazhai, Simkattashai, Chinikutiali  
Kannada
Bal-chir, Jatamasi 
Sanskrit
Ghrit Kumari 
Punjabi
Kumar gandal 
Kannada
Lolesara Kumari, Katthaiigida, Lolisar 
Kashmiri
Musabbar 
Marathi
Elwa, Korphad, Kunvarpata, Korkand 
Urdu
Ghiqwara 
Persian
Derkhtesibra 
 
ORIGIN AND DISTRIBUTION


Plants of the genus Aloe belong to the old world and are indigenous to Eastern and Southern Africa, the Canary Islands and Spain. The species spread to the Mediterranean basin and reached the West Indies,India,China and other countries in the 16th Century; and certain species are now cultivated for commercial purposes, especially in some of the West Indian islands of the north coast of South America. It is also cultivated throughout India.
CULTIVATION & HARVEST

        
BOTANICAL TRAIT 
        
Aloe Vera is a semi tropical plant. Aloevera's thick, tapered, spiny leaves grow from a short stalk near ground level. It is not a cactus hut a member of the lily family known as Aloe barbadensis.
 
SPECIES  
      
There are overall 250 species of Aloe grown around the world. However, only a few species are grown commercially with Aloe barbadensis Miller and Aloe aboreseens being the most popular.
 
CLIMATIC REQUIREMENT 
 
        
Aloe Vera is a typical xerophytic plant and tolerant to adverse conditions such as drought, hot and dry as well as humid weather. It has a good adaptability and can grow in various climatic conditions. It can grow in warm, humid or dry climate with even 35-40 cm of rainfall per annum. The Aloe Plant grows in warm tropical areas but cannot survive frost or freezing temperatures. Aloe flourishes in a variety of climates ranging from warm temperate to semi arid subtropical regions. In India, the crop can be grown in any season. In general, hot and dry weather is favorable to the crop.   

UNIQUENESS 
 
It contains more than two hundred Ionic ingredients including essential amino acids, minerals, vitamins, enzymes and steroids. It contains most of the essential components required by human body. Aloe Vera has vitamins A. Br B, Bfi, Bp. C and E. Aloe has a high enzyme content (about 92 enzymes), which makes it a rare and valuable resource because enzymes help the body absorb basic nutrients while also purifying it.
 
SOIL   

It is important that the soil should have ample drainage facilities as the plants are very sensitive to water logging. Water stagnation even for one day can result in rotting of the whole plant and incidence of the fungal diseases. Aloe Vera can be grown on a variety of soils. It however does well on light well drained-coarse sandy loam to rich loamy soils. It is considered one of the most suitable crops for marginal lands particularly coarse sandy, un-irrigated, sloppy and stony soils. Water logging should be avoided for Aloe crops. The crops perform well on neutral to moderately alkaline soil (pH 6.5 to 8.5). It can withstand sodium to a reasonably higher level (p" 9.5, ESP 35 - 40). The plant can be cultivated in dry climatic conditions and in poor soils without much care. The root system of this plant is shallow and does not penetrate deep into the soil. Since the plant is not water loving, care should be taken to prevent water stagnation.
 
PREPARATION OF LAND  
                                                                                                                                                             
The soil need not to be ploughed very deep as the root system does not penetrate below 20 cm levels. Since Aloe Vera is a perennial plant, field should be free from annual / perennial weeds and shrubs, which can be done with 2 or 3 deep ploughings, preferably during summer months. At the time of planting the field should be ploughed, harrowed and brought to the required tilth. The land is laid into plots / beds of convenient size 90 x 30 cm bunds should be prepared for its better growth and yield. The rooted clones of the plants are planted on the bunds 60 cm plant-to-plant distance. On sloppy land, the stones, boulders or pebbles found in the soil arc picked up and planting should be done along the contours.
 
PLANTING TIME  
        
The suckers are planted at a spacing of 60 x 60 cm. Approximately 9000 suckers are needed to plant in 1 acre. Two third portion of this planting material should be under the ground. The suckers are planted soon after the first rain or light irrigation. The ideal time of planting of Aloe is alter rainy season. However, planting can be done almost throughout the year.
 
PRODUCTION OF PROPAGULES 
        
The propagation of Aloe is done through root suckers or by rooted plantlets (side tillers). For obtaining planting materials, the healthy rooted side tillers (plantlets) arc separated from the mother plants and used as planting materials/ plants. Planting of Aloe is rarely done through seeds. Above 9,000 rooted healthy plantlets are required for the planting on 1 acre of land.
   
PLANTING METHOD 
        
Healthy side tillers/suckers of Aloe are planted closely at a distance of Row to row 2 cm and Plant to Plant 60 cm under low soil fertility and water stress condition. Planting of the Aloe plantlets planted in lines on bonds is more profitable.
 
IRRIGATION
   
Aloevera plants gel quickly established during the rainy season and after which it hardly requires any irrigation. The crop can be irrigated at fortnightly intervals to accelerate the growth. During the crop maturity phase, withholding of irrigation could help in attaining good quality leaves. Aloe crop is highly tolerant to moisture stress and thrives well in drought conditions. However, one light irrigation is essential after planting. High moisture and water logging conditions are not favorable to plant growth. A one light irrigation during peak summer helps in better growth and leaf yield. No irrigation is required during resting period. Proper irrigation has the greatest effects on the gel composition of Aloe Vera. Hence, controlled irrigation could aid in standardizing the gel composition. 
  
WEED CONTROL AND INTERCULTURE OPERATIONS   
  
Aloe is a slow growing plant. Therefore, in the first year of planting, it is likely to suffer from weed infestation, especially of the perennial grasses like Cynodon, Daciylon and Cyperus rotundas. Three to four manual hand weedings are necessary during initial establishment of crop followed by one or two in the second year for optimum growth of the plants. Weed growth can also be checked by use of herbicide atrazine @ 0.2 kg/Acre. Along with weed control, earthing of plants or bunds is useful for higher plant growth and to check water logging.
 
FERTILIZERS 
        
For commercial cultivation of aloe, especially for extraction of gel, the crop has to be manured. A basal dose of 5 tons of farmyard manure/acre is incorporated into the soil. Aloe Vera does not require any chemical fertilizer. In case of highly alkaline soils (more than 8.5) addition of gypsum at the rate of 50 kg per acre is recommended for enhanced availability of major and micronutrients. The fertilizer requirement of the crop is low. But timely application of manures and fertilizers are helpful for high yield of the crop. Farmyard manure, bone meal, either singly or in combinations are seemingly beneficial in obtaining increased biomass (leaves) yield. In very poor soils, 50 kg of nitrogen and 25 kg each of phosphorous and potassium are applied before planting- In the second and third years of the crop growth, 40 kg nitrogen is top dressed after irrigation for better yield from the crops. Because of the slow growing nature of the crop, application of inorganic NPK with FYM (@ 5-10 ton hac ) is more useful for restoring and sustaining crop productivity and soil health.
 
HARVESTING OF CROPS  
                                                                                                                    
The plants leaves can be harvested eighteen months after planting of suckers. Three to four cuttings are taken in a year. Matured leaves of Aloe Vera in the outer and lower periphery of the plant are harvested and then processed within a matter of hours to control biological contamination and degradation of leaves. Approximately four kilograms of Aloe Vera leaves are required to get 1 kg of PURE Aloe Vera gel.
       
The plant matures to get the first yield of baby plants after: 10 to 12 months under rained condition. 8 to 9 months under irrigated condition.
 
YIELD OF ALOEVERA CROP
 
Mature leaves in the outer ring of the Aloevera vera plants are harvested. Subsequent inner ring of leaves matures in due course for harvest later. The mother plant will yield leaves up to 10 years, but the economy will come up to 5-6 years. After 8-10 months small suckers will appear surrounding the mother plant. Suckers of 6" to 10" high are carefully plucked and utilized to plant in new fields or to sell to other farmers. Thus the initial expenditure spent for suckers are recovered. After harvesting of leaves prophylactic spray of dithan Z 78 or Ridomil - MZ is essential to avoid fungal infection on plants. 
 
Depending upon cultivation, climate, weather condition and nature of the soil, age of the plant and management practices, fresh leaf yield varies from 20 to 25 tons per acre/year after 18 months old crop. About 9,000 - 12,000 plantlets on commercial scale from 8-10 months old crop in the first year. This yield slightly increases up to 5 years and then decreases. Fresh leaves are sold to the industry.
    
DIESES AND PESTS  
        
Leaf spot disease of Aloevera is the main disease, which not only affects the growth and yield of the plant but also affects its quality (bad odour of the gel). It is caused by Alternarici alternata and Fusarium solani. Regular sprays of fungicides (mancozeb or chlorothanonil 2.0 to 2.5 gm / liter water) can prevent the disease.
 
STORAGE
 
Store in properl scaled, light resistant containers in cool. dark, dry place  
PACKAGING
  
Packaging can be in cans, plastic-lined drums, pails and special aseptic bags in drums 
 
KNOWLEDGE AND TECHNOLOGY
 
Hehneman Charitable Mission Society, Jaipur is giving consultancy at nominal charges to the farmers with buy back agreement from reputed traders.
 
PLANTING MATERIAL:-
 
A good quality of the planting material is provided by Sunrise AGRILAND DEVELOPMENT and REsearch Pvt LIMITED, jaipur at affordable rates. Please contact to M/S-Sunrise Agriland Development and Research (Pvt.) Limited, 301, Mahaveer Nagar-II, Maharni Farm, Durgapura Jaipur. Contact No- +91-0141-5139005 all the material is propagated and raised under close supervision of the agriculturist.
 
BUY BACK
 
The company provide buy back guarantee to the grower. The grower is free to from the tension of marketing. Please contact to M/S-Sunrise Agriland Development and Research (Pvt.) Limited, 301, Mahaveer Nagar-II, Maharni Farm, Durgapura Jaipur. Contact No- +91-0141-5139005 the buyback is done at pre-decided rate. The buy back is given on Rs 100 Stamp Paper.
 
FINANCIAL OF CROP
 
Cost of Cultivation          ( 1 Acre)
 
Cost of Cultivation
34000 INR
Annually Maintance and Labour & Water, Fertilizers, Pesticide Cost
10000 INR (per Year)
Total Production Cycle
1st – Baby Plants ( After 9 Months, 9000 more Plants)
2nd- AloVera Leaf ( After 18 Months)
3rd- After 18 Months We can cut Alovera Leaf In very 3 Months
Market/Buy Back Rates
 
1.5 INR Per Baby Plant
4.5 INR Per Kg ( For Green Leaves)
Total Income
103500 INR
 
 
SUNRISE AGRILAND DEVELOPMENT AND RESEARCH (P) Ltd.
 
The company is working since 1996 in area of agriculture commodity trading specially medicinal and aromatic plants. The company is operating from its corporate office located in Jaipur. Slowly and slowly the company established an excellent network of the Export and Import. Organization is working as a platform to sell the produce for the grower. The growers are geting premium rate form Sunrise. Company is exporting near about 500 MT Jatropha crude oil per month. The company is largest supplier of the dry stevia leaves, stevioside powder, Jatropha seeds, Aloevera leaves. The company is having high tech nurseries, from where company is supplying good quality of the planting material. Address of the company M/S-Sunrise Agriland Development and Research (Pvt.) Limited, 301, Mahaveer Nagar-II, Maharni Farm, Durgapura Jaipur. Contact No- +91-0141-5139005
 
 
 
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